Cancer is studied in oncology. A physician who treats cancer and offers medical attention to someone who has been diagnosed with cancer is known as an oncologist. A cancer specialist is another name for an oncologist.
Medical oncology, radiation oncology, and surgical oncology are the three main subfields that make up the oncology sector in terms of treatments.
Cancer is treated by medical oncologists with drugs like chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy.
Radiation oncologists utilize radiation therapy to treat cancer, which involves utilizing powerful x-rays or other particles to kill cancer cells.
Surgical oncologists do surgery to treat cancer, which may involve removing the tumor and surrounding tissue. This kind of surgeon can also carry out specific kinds of biopsies to aid in the cancer diagnosis.
Geriatric oncologists treat cancer patients 65 years of age and older. Older folks may have more difficulties. Geriatric oncologists are experts at treating elderly patients with the highest quality of care.
Gynecologic oncologists treat cancers of the cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus, vagina, and vulva, among other reproductive organs.
Leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma are among the blood cancers that hematologist-oncologists treat.
Brain, spine, and nervous system tumors are all treated by neuro-oncologists.
Pediatric oncologists care for kids and teenagers with cancer. These younger age ranges are those where certain cancer kinds are particularly prevalent. Adult patients who occasionally develop these cancers may decide to consult with a pediatric oncologist.
Thoracic oncologists treat tumors of the lungs, esophagus, and other organs in the chest.
The genitourinary system, which includes the bladder, kidneys, penis, prostate gland, and testicles, is treated by urologic oncologists.
Pathologists, radiologists, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, oncology nurses, social workers, pharmacists, and other medical specialists are frequently included in cancer care teams.